Indian Nobel Laureates, Complete List (1913-2023)

There are total nine Nobel Prize winners from India from 1913 to 2023. The first Indian to win this prestigious ribbon was Rabindranath Tagore which was given to him in 1913 for his profoundly sensitive, fresh and trappy verse.

History of the Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize, established in 1901 to honor the memory of Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel, is awarded to individuals who have made significant contributions for the irradiation of humanity. This prestigious ribbon is usually offered in six variegated fields, that is literature, Physics, Chemistry, Economic, Science, Peace and Physiology or Medicine.

When Alfred Nobel died in 1896, in his will he passed on his windfall to be used for the establishment of prizes which are names “Nobel Prizes”. The Nobel Prize was first awarded in 1901. In 1968, a inside wall of Sweden, that is, Sveriges Riksbank funded the establishment of the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences. From then onwards, the Nobel Prizes are awarded in six variegated fields.

Nobel Prize 2022 Winners list

Nobel Prize Insignia

The awardee of the Noble Prize is conferred with three things- a medal, a diploma and ribbon money. The Nobel Prize insignia are made of 24 karat gold plated with untried gold. They are well-nigh 65 millimeters in diameter and weigh well-nigh 175 grams. The medals are awarded to the laureates at a recurrence in Stockholm, Sweden, on December 10, the year-end of Alfred Nobel’s death.

List of Nobel Prize Winners in India

The first Indian Nobel laureate was Rabindranath Tagore, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. The most recent Indian Nobel laureate is Abhijit Banerjee, who won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2019.

The Indian Nobel laureates have made significant contributions in a variety of fields, including literature, physics, chemistry, medicine, peace, and economics. Their work has helped to whop knowledge and understanding in these fields, and has had a positive impact on the world. Here is the list of Nobel Prize Winners:

S. No.Nobel Prize WinnersCategoryYear
1.Rabindranath TagoreLiterature1913
2.CV RamanPhysics1930
3.Har Govind KhuranaMedicine1968
4.Mother TeresaPeace1979
5.Subrahmanyam ChandrasekharPhysics1983
6.Amartya SenEconomics1998
7.Venkatraman RamakrishnanChemistry2009
8.Kailash SatyarthiPeace2014
9.Abhijit BanerjeeEconomics2019

1. Rabindranath Tagore

Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore | Current Affairs for UPSC

Rabindranath Tagore was conferred with Nobel Prize in the category of literacy in 1913 for his profoundly sensitive, fresh and trappy verse. Often tabbed Bard of Bengal and Gurudev, Tagore is one of India’s most dignified figures in India. Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian to be awarded the Nobel Prize.

2. CV Raman

C.V. Raman Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

Sir Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman or CV Raman is recognised for Nobel Prize in 1930 in the field of Physics for his work on the spattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named without him. His discovery is moreover referred to as the “Raman Effect”. He is among the greatest Nobel Prize winners in India.

3. Har Govind Khurana

Har Gobind Khorana (9 January 1922 – 9 November 2011) | Bharat Mata Mandir | Museum Of Freedom Fighters

Har Govind Khurana was awarded the Nobel Prize in the field of Physiology or Medicine in 1968 withal with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for their interpretation of the genetic lawmaking and its function in protein synthesis. H.G.Khurana is an Indian-American Biochemist. His research work related to the synthesis of functional genes outside the living organism.

4. Mother Teresa

5 September: Remembering Mother Teresa on her Punya Tithi - Observer Voice

Mother Teresa was the first Indian women to be conferred with the Nobel Prize in the category of Peace in 1979. She was born in the Republic of Macedonia. At the age of 19, she moved to India and spent the rest of her life in India as a Roman Catholic nun and as a missionary serving the “poorest of the poor” in slums in the city. Her humanitarian work led to the establishment of Missionaries of Charity.

5. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar | Smithsonian Institution

Subrahmanyam Chandrasekhar was awarded the Nobel Prize in the field of Physics in 1983 for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and incubation of the stars. He is an Indo-American mathematician. His invention relates to the establishment of the physical process involved in the evolution of stars.

6. Amartya Sen

Amartya Sen | Biography, Education, Books, Famine, Nobel Prize, & Facts | Britannica

Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1998 in the field of Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics. He was born in Manikganj (British India). Sen studied economics and taught the subject in many reputed institutions in both the US and the United Kingdom.

7. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan | India taking a wrong turn, we're not Pakistan: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan - Telegraph India

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2009 in the field of Chemistry for his work in studies of the structure and function of the ribosome. The Nobel Prize is given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Services.

8. Kailash Satyarthi

Nobel Peace Laureate Kailash Satyarthi – Kailash Satyarthi Children's Foundation

Kailash Satyarthi was born in Madhya Pradesh and was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2014 in the field of Peace for his struggle versus the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education. He is an objector who has defended his whole life to children’s right and education spotlight.

9. Abhijit Banerjee

Nobel laureate Abhijit Banerjee: Some personal recollections - The Economic Times

Abhijit Banerjee is an Indo-American who was conferred with the Nobel Prize in 2019 in the field of Economic Sciences. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with his wife Esther Duflo and Harvard University’s Michel Kremer.

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