4 main skills play the important role in proper communication:

  • Effective Communication skills play a crucial role in honing one’s personality and leadership qualities.
  • Communication helps individuals to express themselves in the most convincing way. Your thoughts, feelings, and knowledge should be passed on in the most desirable manner and effective communication skills help you in the same.
  • The four main skills play the important role in proper communication:
    • Speaking
    • Listening
    • Reading
    • Writing
  • In villages generally, the population speaks in a local language or Hindi. The modern youth is keen to learn English and therefore it is suggested that he be taught the English language through local language or Hindi. English is used the world over and also is important from the point of view of examination, interview, group discussions, and presentation or for giving speeches.
  • We communicate with each other by using sentences. We are familiar with sentences that are made using words properly connected. The therefore first step is to learn is how a word is made and, vocabulary development and problems with word selection, and how to connect these words to make sentences. Each word is utilized in a different way so how to differentiate them or call them as peruse. Where one or more letters have been dropped, an apostrophe is used as a replacement: It is = it’s, We are = we’re, Does not = Doesn’t, Of the clock = o’clock Using Apostrophes to Indicate Possession. Apostrophes are also used to indicate possession: Matthew’s car, The farmer’s field (one field owned by one farmer)

If the subject (the farmer or Matthew above) has a name ending with an s, then there is a choice to either follow the formal rule (“The Jones’s house”) or to drop the final ‘s’ (hence “The Jones’ house”). The choice is a matter of style but the important thing is to be consistent.

If the subject is plural, the apostrophe is placed after the s: The teachers’ staff room, The farmers’ fields (multiple fields owned by multiple farmers). Note that if the word is already plural, for example, children or people, then you would write children’s or people’s.

When Not to Use Apostrophes. If the word is plural then do not use an apostrophe (for example kittens or apostrophes). Placing an apostrophe before the finals are universally considered incorrect and commonly referred to as the “greengrocer’s apostrophe” (or “greengrocers’ apostrophe” if referring to more than one greengrocer).

There are possible exceptions to these rule is if the word comprises a single letter, a number, or an abbreviation where the simple addition of an s could cause confusion. Hence:

There are two t’s in Matthew.

To write “There are two ts in Matthew” may confuse the reader even though it is grammatically correct. Alternatively, you could rephrase this as “There are two “t”s in Matthew”.

However, the modern convention is to avoid using apostrophes in plurals wherever possible even in the plural of numbers and abbreviations.

For example, “I keep buying DVDs” and “He loves 80s music” is preferable to add an apostrophe.

Could have / Should have / Would have. Even though we might pronounce “could’ve” (a contraction of “could have”) as “could of” this is incorrect. Always use could have / should have / would have.

It’s / Its. It’s is a contraction of two words: it is or it has. Its is possessive, like hers, his, and whose.

The confusion between it’s and its occurs because virtually every other word’s (apostrophe + s) indicates possession, so English speakers naturally want to use it’s to mean “something belonging to it.”

But ‘it’s’ is only used when it is a contraction of ‘it is’ or ‘it has’.

If you are in doubt as to which version to use, try replacing the word with “it is” or “it has”. If this still scans correctly then use it’s, otherwise, use it.

There / Their / They’re. There refers to a place or idea. An example of its use referring to place is “Look over there!” An example of its use referring to an abstract idea is “There are many ways to skin a cat”.There is possessive meaning it owns something, for example, “Their dog keeps getting into our garden”.There is a contraction of “they are” (the apostrophe replaces the missing letter). An example of its use is “They’re moving in next door”.

There’s / Theirs. There’s is a contraction of there is. Theirs is the third person plural possessive pronoun and replaces “their + noun”. The idea that theirs needs an apostrophe (hence “their’s”) derives from the convention that, in virtually every other word, ‘s (apostrophe + s) indicates possession. However, theirs is an exception, and “their’s” is incorrect.

To / Too / Two.’To’ has two functions. First, it is a preposition and always preceded a noun, hence: I am going to the shops, This belongs to Mary. Second, ‘to’ indicates an infinitive when it preceded a verb, hence I need to sleep, He wants to go for a walk

‘Too’ also has two uses, the first as a synonym for “also” hence: Can I come too?. I think that’s his bag too Second, ‘too’ means excessively when it preceded an adjective or adverb hence: I’m too tired to go out, You’re too generous

‘Two’ is a number as in one, two, three…The most common confusion is between to and too. Try replacing the word with “also” or “as well” and if the phrase makes sense then use too. Otherwise, and if not a number, then use to.

Frequently Misused Words.DecimateStrictly, decimate means to reduce by one-tenth and not to reduce to one-tenth. However, this usage is now increasingly common and seems likely to become accepted.

LiterallyLiterally means actually or without exaggeration. When you say “I literally…” you are describing something exactly as it happened and without exaggeration. If you were to say “I literally died of boredom” you are implying you actually died and the use of “literally” is therefore incorrect.

Lose / Loose.Lose is the opposite of win, whilst loose is the opposite of tight or contained.

Weather / Whether. Weather is usually a noun referring to the atmospheric conditions at a particular point in time (What’s the weather like there?) but is also a verb meaning’ affected by the weather (for example: “Your fence has really weathered”) or even as a figure of speech meaning to get through or survive something (We weathered the crisis).

Whether is a conjunction that introduces alternatives, for example, “Whether I win or lose…” or “You do it whether you like it or not”. Whether is similar to “if”, so if you could replace the word with “if” then use whether

People with great communication skills tend to have a better and impressive personality

  • Effective communication skills strengthen the bond among individuals. It is also said to improve interpersonal relationships with other people.
  • Careful selection of words is essential for effective communication skills. You really need to know what you are speaking.
  • Speak convincingly so that the other person understands what you intend to communicate. Your style of speaking has a tremendous impact on your personality. Speaking slowly always helps as it allows you to find appropriate words and also reflects thoughtfulness. Emphasize important and relevant words for the other person to realize the importance.
  • Speaking confidently is the key to an impressive and great personality. Do not show signs of nervousness while interacting with others. Develop proper eye contact with the other person. Do not look around while interacting with the other person.
  • Take care of your body language. Correct body language exudes confidence which further hones an individual’s personality. Do not fiddle with things around while speaking.
  • Be very particular about the pronunciation of words. Pronouncing words wrongly creates a bad impression on others.
  • Avoid copying others. An individual should have his/her own style to stand apart from the rest. Speaking articulately enhances one’s personality and makes him/her different from others.
  • Do not play with words. One should always say things straight to the point. 23. It is easy to understand English by remembering the sequence of making sentence from basics i.e starting point-alphabets


A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show relation to the person or thing denoted by it stands in regard to something else. Eg There is a cow(noun) in the field,(noun)He(pronoun) is fond(adjective) of playing, He kicked(verb) of the football(noun).

A noun or pronoun which is used with a preposition is called an Object.

A preposition may have two or more objects. The road runs over hill and plain

A preposition is usually placed before its object but sometimes it follows it, Here is the chapter that you are looking for., what are you thinking of, which of these chairs did you sit on.

Kinds of pronoun. Simple. at, by, for, from, in, of, off, on, out, through, till to, up, with Compound (formed by prefixing a preposition a or be) preposition..about, above, across, along, amidst, among, around, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, inside, outside, underneath, within, without.

Phrase preposition(words used with the force of a single preposition)-according to, agreeable by, along with, away from, because of, by dint of, by means of, by reason of, by virtue of, by way of, conformably to, for the sake of, in accordance with, in addition to, on behalf of, in case of, in comparison to, in compliance with, in consequence of, in course of, in favor of, in front of, in lieu of, in order to, in place of, in reference to, in regard to, inspite of, instead of, in the event of, on account of, owing to, with a view to, with an eye to, with reference to, with regard to Barring, concerning, considering, during, notwithstanding, pending, regarding, respecting, touching a few verbs which are present participles of a verb are used without any noun or pronoun being attached to it, They are sometimes distinguished as Participial preposition.

  • Relations expressed by Preposition.
    • Place.went about the world, ran across the road, leaned against the wall, fell among thieves, quarreled among themselves, at death door, sit on the deck, stood before the door,

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